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Introduction to Mythology


 

 

Sir Edward Burnett Tylor (1832-1917)

 

 

 

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British Ethnologist and Follower of the Evolutionary Theories of Charles Darwin

 

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Became First Professor of Anthropology at Oxford University (1896) And Was Knighted (1912)

 

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Studied the Native American Tribes of Mexico

 

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Primarily Focused on the Religious Customs of the Various Tribes both Ancient and Modern

 

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Used the Term "Animism" to Describe Belief that All Things, Animate and Inanimate, Possess Living Souls

 

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Believed that "Animism" Was the First Phase in the Development of All Religions

 

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Myths Were Created to Explain Natural Phenomena But Are Rooted in Fear and Ignorance

 

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Basic Capabilities of Human Mind Were the Same Throughout the World, Regardless of a Given Society’s Stage in Social Evolution

 

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Developed "Theory of Survivals" - Societies Tend to Retain Customs that Have Become Unnecessary as the Society Has Evolved, Even Though The Customs have become Useless "Baggage"

 

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Principal Work:  Primitive Culture (1871) - Greatly Influenced James Frazer

 

 


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