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Introduction to Mythology


 

Joseph Campbell (1904-1987)

 

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Very Popular American Mythologist, Writer and Teacher (Sarah Lawrence College, New York)

 

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Basic Philosophy of Life: "Follow your Bliss!"

 

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Devotee of Jungian Psychology - Particularly Jung's Theory of Archetypes

 

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Most Important Idea - All myths and epics are linked in that they are cultural manifestations of the universal need of the human psyche to explain social, cosmological, and spiritual realities

 

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Great Monomyth - The Hero's Journey (17 Stages)

 

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Departure - 5 Stages (Call to Adventure, Refusal of the Call, Supernatural Aid, Crossing First Threshold, Belly of The Whale)

 

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Initiation - 6 Stages (Road of Trials, Meeting With the Goddess, Woman as Temptress, Atonement with the Father, Apotheosis, Ultimate Boon)

 

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Return - 6 Stages (Refusal of the Return, Magic Flight, Rescue from Without, Crossing of the Return Threshold, Master of Two Worlds, Freedom to Live)

 

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Most Important Book:  The Hero with a Thousand Faces (1949)

 

 


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