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Introduction to Mythology


 

Marija Gimbutas (1921-1994)

Marija Gimbutas at Newgrange, Ireland

Kurgan Hypothesis Map

 

 

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Lithuanian Born Archaeologist - Studied Neolithic and Bronze Age Cultures of "Old Europe."

 

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Promulgated New of Theory of Indo-European Origins - the "Kurgan Hypothesis" - Using Archaeology, Linguistics and Mythological Interpretation in 1956.

 

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Believed Neolithic Europe Was a Goddess (Earth Mother) Worshipping, Matristic Society - "Exhibiting Influence or Domination by the Mother Figure."

 

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Matristic Society Conquered by Indo-European People - the Kurgans - during the Bronze Age.

 

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Matristic Society Was Believed to Be Relatively Peaceful; Honored Homosexuals and Espoused Economic Equality between the Sexes.

 

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Conversely, the Kurgans Were a Patriarchal, Warrior Culture.

 

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After the Coming of the Feminist Movement in the 1970s Her Last three Books Gained Her Fame and Notoriety:

 

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1) The Goddesses and Gods of Old Europe (1974);

 

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2) The Language of the Goddess (1989);

 

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3) The Civilization of the Goddess (1991).

 

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Her Theories Have Been Adopted and Extended by Members of the Wiccan and Neopagan Movement.

 

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Joseph Campbell Was Favorably Impressed by Her Theories; Wrote the Forward to Language of the Goddess (1989).

 

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Documentary Film about the Life and Work of Gimbutas - Signs Out of Time - Released in 2004 (See Video)

 

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British Archaeologist Colin Renfrew Proposed an Alternative to the Kurgan Hypothesis in 1999 - the "Anatolian Hypothesis."

 

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Cynthia Eller Completely Debunks the Gimbutas Hypothesis of a Peaceful Matriarchal Culture in "Old Europe" in Her Book Entitled: The Myth of Matriarchal Prehistory (2000).

 


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